Bills to address Fixing Burden of Proof and Modify LEO Notification scheduled for more hearings

Senator William Coley (R-Liberty Township), who chairs the Government Oversight and Reform Committee, has announced a first hearing for Sub. HB 142 (Modify LEO notification) on Tuesday, December 12, 2017 at 3:00 p.m. in the Finance Hearing Room. The committee will consider sponsor testimony. Sub. HB 142 was passed by the House of Representatives in October with a bi-partisan 69-24 vote.

As passed by the House, Sub. HB 142 would instead modify the law to require that, if asked by a law enforcement officer for a driver's license or state-issued ID, a CHL holder must also display the person's concealed handgun license or documents demonstrating the person to be a qualified military member with the driver's license or state ID, or orally inform the officer or employee, at the same time as displaying the driver's license or state ID, that the person has been issued a concealed handgun license or is authorized to carry a concealed handgun as an active duty military member, and disclose that the person then is carrying a concealed handgun or has a loaded handgun in the motor vehicle.

The substitute bill also specifies that failure to comply with the notification requirement described above is a minor misdemeanor and that the offender may be subject to a fine of not more than $25; plus it removes the possibility of having a concealed handgun license suspended for failure to comply.

The Buckeye State Sheriffs' Association's Executive Director Robert Cornwell has said Sub. HB 142 creates for license holders "a clear line of distinction as to when they are required to notify the law enforcement officer that they are a licensee.

"This clarification will benefit all those concerned," he wrote.

Click here to read the text of the HB 142.

Meanwhile, Senator Kevin Bacon (R-Minerva Park), who chairs the Judiciary Committee, has announced a third hearing for Senate Bill 180 (Fix Burden of Proof/ Concealed Carry Modernization) on Tuesday, December 12, 2017 at 10:15 a.m. in the North Hearing Room. The committee will consider proponent, opponent and interested party testimony.

And in the House, Representative Kristina Roegner (R-Hudson), who chairs the House Committee on Federalism and Interstate Relations, has announced a second hearing for House Bill 228 (Fix Burden of Proof/ Concealed Carry Modernization) on Wednesday, December 13, 2017 at 3:00 p.m. in Statehouse Room 115. The committee will consider proponent testimony.

The bills - HB 228, introduced in May by Representatives Terry Johnson (R-McDermott) and Sarah LaTourette (R-Chesterland) and SB 180, introduced by Sens. Joe Uecker (R-Miami Twp.) and Jay Hottinger (R-Newark) - seek to reform the state's arcane self-defense burden of proof requirements.

Click here to read the text of the HB 228.

Click here to read the text of the SB 180.

Remember when you were taught that all people are "innocent until proven guilty?" Not in Ohio. Not if you are the victim of a deadly force attack and choose to defend your life. In Ohio you are considered guilty, and you must now prove your innocence.

"Ohio is the ONLY state in the U.S. with this absurd requirement for burden of proof," said Jim Irvine, Chairman of Buckeye Firearms Association. "It has been talked about in legal seminars around the country for years. It is an embarrassment to Ohio.

"People under attack should be able to defend their life. They should not have legal hurdles to jump before acting to defend themselves. They should not be second-guessed for years over a decision they were forced to make in a second. Ohio law should protect the victim, not the aggressor. This bill corrects this problem with Ohio law."

To understand how unfair the current law really is, consider this explanation from Andrew Branca, an attorney writing at

In forty-nine states, all but Ohio, once a defendant has raised the legal defense of self-defense it becomes the responsibility of the prosecution to disprove self-defense beyond a reasonable doubt. There's not [an] accepted mathematical figure for how much evidence constitutes "beyond a reasonable doubt," but it is an overwhelming majority of the evidence. For purposes of illustration let's pretend it means 90% of the evidence. So to defeat self-defense in 49 states, the prosecution must come up with 90% of the evidence in its favor.

In Ohio, on the other hand, once a defendant has raised the legal defense of self-defense it remains the defendant's obligation to prove self-defense by a preponderance of the evidence. For purposes of illustration, let's pretend that means simply 51% of the evidence. Of course, as a practical matter if the defense must prove self-defense by 51%, that’s just another way of saying the prosecution needs to disprove self-defense by 50% – just enough to deny the defense it’s 51%. If the prosecution can disprove self-defense by even 50% of the evidence they’ve prevented the defense from meeting it’s obligation, and the claim of self-defense fails.

In other words, Ohio law clearly discriminates against victims of violence who chose to defend themselves. No other state in the country does this.

Irvine said, "This is perverse and unfair. Ohio is quite literally providing more legal protection to perpetrators of violent crime than to their victims. How can anyone think this is just?"

The bill would also:

  • Eliminate the duty to retreat for those under threat of deadly force attacks.
  • Modify the "hands in plain sight" requirement for license holders in a traffic stop.
  • Amend penalties for minor infractions with firearms in a motor vehicle.
  • Eliminate the requirement to post "no guns" signs.

"Plain Sight"

During a traffic stop, concealed handgun license (CHL)-holders are required to remain inside their vehicle (unless otherwise instructed by law-enforcement). They are also required to keep their hands in "plain sight." Courts have ruled that firearms can never be in "plain sight" in an automobile. Thus "open carry" of a firearm in a motor vehicle is not possible - you must have a CHL. If a gun can't be in plain sight, how can your hands? So Ohio law seems to require people to do something with their hands that the courts have ruled is not even possible to do with a gun.

"No Guns Signs"

The requirement to post "no guns" signs has caused problems since it first passed. Labor law compliance sign companies can't figure out Ohio law, so the simple solution is to include the "no guns" signs in the packages they send to Ohio businesses. Businesses can't understand the law, so they post all the signs they receive in their package. Many post signs they are not required to, and don't want to. Many schools have authorized people to carry firearms, but they are still required to post the signs. Other schools recognize the signs are an invitation to mass killers that they have a large collection of people who would be easy to kill. They want to get rid of the signs. In March, concealed carry became legal in some government buildings and colleges, but those places are still required to post, even if they have chosen to allow otherwise. The law is contradictory and confusing. HB 228 / SB 180 would eliminate the requirement to post signs, but still permit the posting by any entity that chooses to do so.

Buckeye Firearms Association looks forward to working with legislators to move this important legislation.

Please call your State Representative and Senator and ask if they have signed on as co-sponsors.

Chad D. Baus is the Buckeye Firearms Association Secretary and an NRA-certified firearms instructor. He is co-founder of BFA-PAC, and served as its Vice Chairman for 15 years. He is the editor of, which received the Outdoor Writers of Ohio 2013 Supporting Member Award for Best Website.

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